Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a range of complex brain development disorders which affect the way an individual interacts with and makes sense of the world. There are other names for Autism used by some people, including:

  • Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC)
  • Asperger’s Syndrome – although this is no longer diagnosed

ASD can vary widely from person to person, hence the term ‘autistic spectrum’ to encompass this broad variety. Individuals with autism may have an accompanying learning disability such as dyslexia or ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder).  Some autistic people have average or above average intelligence.

There are two areas of impairment in individuals with autism. These impairments are required for a diagnosis to be made. 

Social communication challenges: Autistic people may be unable to speak or have limited speech. Others may find it difficult to understand sarcasm and tone of voice. 

Restricted and repetitive behaviours: Many individuals with autism perseverate on certain  extreme interests that make it difficult to think or talk about anything else. Other autistic individuals may find changes in routine difficult, even slight ones, like taking a different route home. Some individuals with autism may also engage in repetitive body movements such as hand flapping, spinning, or rocking back and forth.

Although ASD is a lifelong condition and requires some level of long-term support, with the right structure and approach, problematic symptoms that affect ones quality of life (e.g. self-injurious behaviours or challenging behaviours) can improve with treatment and with age. Autistic individuals may need help learning to develop coping strategies, social communication skills, and/or functional life skills. If your child has been diagnosed with ASD, or you think he/she may have ASD, please do not hesitate to contact us today to see how we can help.

Did you know?

1 in 67 people in the UK are autistic

Watch the video below for more information on Autism Spectrum Disorder!