Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder, which tends to affect boys more than girls, and can continue into adulthood. Those with ADHD act impulsively and spontaneously and typically have short attention spans, becoming easily bored and/or frustrated with routine tasks. Constantly moving, running and climbing, or fidgeting when in one place, children with ADHD are indeed hyperactive. They can also talk fast and on swiftly changing topics. Despite this dynamism, they have trouble with purposeful, concentrated motor skills and may consequently be clumsy and uncoordinated.
Although an individual may be quite intelligent, a lack of concentration and focus often results in difficulty learning at school and may be perceived as misbehaving. In addition, due to impulsive and socially intrusive behaviour, a child with ADHD may be rejected by his/her peers which can be detrimental to his/her self esteem.
For many, hyperactivity lessens in early adulthood, but being impulsive and the inability to focus attention can remain an issue for up to half of those with the condition throughout their adult life.
Treatment often includes medicines to control symptoms and around 70% of those treated experience relief, at least in the short term. Longer term, ABA, structure and routine and nurturing and encouragement are vital components for helping a child to develop successfully and forge social relationships.
Did you know?
Some individuals, including professionals, still call the condition ADD (attention deficit disorder), but the term is no longer accurate.